Grant, Margaret and Hettinger, Herman (1940) America’s Symphony Orchestras – And How They Are Supported. WW Norton
Median Age of Concert Goers in Grand Rapids, Michigan: 27; Median Age of Concert Goers in Los Angeles, California: 33; Median Age of Concert Goers in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Not Given (page 227)
Mid-Continent Surveys (1955) In-Concert Survey of the Audience Attending the November 11th Symphony Concert at Northrup Auditorium University of Minnesota. Mid-Continent Surveys, Minneapolis, Minnesota, December 12.
No Median Age Given; Fifty-four per cent of the audience was under 35 years of age. (page 2?)
Baumol, William and William Bowen (1966) The Performing Arts: The Economic Dilemma. Cambridge: The M.I.T. Press
Median Age of Major Symphony Audiences: 39 (Appendix Table IV-F, page 456)
Shreveport Symphony (ND) “Shreveport Symphony Audience Survey” questionnaire. Shreveport, LA.: Shreveport Symphony, 1p.
One of 20 Audience Studies included in DiMaggio et. al. 1978 (pg. 92)
Denver Symphony Orchestra (1972) “Denver Symphony Questionnaire – January, 1972: Results – June, 1972.” Denver: Denver Symphony Orchestra, 8p.
One of 20 Audience Studies included in DiMaggio et. al. 1978 (pg. 87)
Phoenix Symphony (1972) “Phoenix Symphony 1971 Questionnaire” Phoenix: Phoenix Symphony, 5p.
One of 20 Audience Studies included in DiMaggio et. al. 1978 (pg. 85)
Billings Symphony Orchestra (1975) Audience Survey. April 27, 3p. Billings, Montana
One of 20 Audience Studies included in DiMaggio et. al. 1978 (pg. 81)
DiMaggio, Paul, Michael Unseem, and Paula Brown (1978) “Audience Studies of the Performing Arts and Museums: A Critical Review” Washington D.C.: Research Division, National Endowment for the Arts
Median of Median Ages: 40; Range of Median Ages: 24-49; Total Number of Studies: 20 (page 17)
DiMaggio, Paul and Michael Unseem (1978) “Cultural Democracy in a Period of Cultural Expansion: The Social Composition of Arts Audiences in the United States” Social Problems, Vol. 26, No. 2, December, pp. 179-197
Replicates Dimaggio et al (1978) above.